Tanzania Tribble Visits
The opportunity to see the Big Five and experience the Wildebeest Migration may be what draws many to Tanzania, but interacting with the tribes of Tanzania will leave a lasting impression. From the iconic Maasai to lesser-known tribes like the Datoga, Hudzabe, Sonjo and Chagga, Tanzania has a rich cultural tapestry to explore.Whether you’re looking to add to your trip and build an entire trip around meeting the people of Tanzania, Tanzania Wonders has you covered!
Visits Iconic Tribes of Tanzania and Learn More About Them
Located in the great lakes region of East Africa, Tanzania is the thirteenth largest country in Africa. It is bordered to the north by Kenya and Uganda, to the east by Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, to the south by Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia. This breathtaking country is home to some of the best safari attractions in the world, rich cultural heritage, and over 120 distinct Tanzania tribes and ethnic groups.
Tanzania Iconic Tribes
An indigenous group of semi-nomadic people that settled in northern Tanzania and Kenya. The Maasai tribe are internationally known and are among the most popular ethnic groups due to their distinct traditions, clothing, and their close residence to the many national parks in East Africa.
According to oral history, they originated North of Lake Turkana (north-west of Kenya) in the lower Nile valley. In the 15th century, they began migrating south and arrived along a land stretching across Tanzania and Kenya border, covering the Great Rift valley and adjacent lands from Dodoma and Mt Marsabit.
What they are known for:
The Maasai tribe are known for their brightly colored outfits and traditional lifestyle concentrated on cattle which make up the primary source of food. The wealth of a man is measured in terms of children and cattle but is also considered poor if he has many cattle but not children. Though they use spears and shields, they were most feared for their ability to expertly throw the orinka (club) from up to 70 paces(100 meters approximately).
The Maasai tribe resides north of Lake Turkana (northwest Kenya) in the lower Nile valley and northern Tanzania.
Firmly patriarchal in nature, most major disputes and matters are sometimes resolved or determined by retired elders and elder Maasai men. They are monolithic in nature and believe in their god called Enkai or Engai. The Maasai music comprises traditionally of rhythms rendered by a chorus of harmonies sung by vocalists while the olaranyani (song leader) sings the melody.
The Chagga tribe were divided into small autonomous chiefdoms traditionally belonging to different clans ruled by Mangis (chiefs). The system of chiefdom was practiced until it was abolished throughout the country after Tanzania’s independence in 1961.
What They Are Known For?:
The Chagga tribe are known for their sense of enterprise, politics and strong work ethics. They engage in small scale businesses, while the young workers are clerks, teachers, and administrators.
The Chagga tribe resides on the southern slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro which has two peaks namely Kibo and Mawenzi.
Greetings are an important part of Chagga culture. Their marriage ceremonies were usually a long process traditionally, beginning with betrothed proceedings that continue long after the couple was married. Today, Christian couples are married in churches with great importance placed on giving birth to a son to continue the lineage. At the age of 12, a rite called Kisusa is carried out for every child performed to curb unruliness, and after a month, a purification ceremony is celebrated, and a goat is sacrificed. Want to learn more about these tribes or schedule a safari visit to Tanzania, get in touch with us today by calling or filling our out contact form.
The oral history of the Hadzabe’s tribes past is divided into four epochs, with each epoch inhabited by a different culture. The archaeological and genetic history of the Hadza’s reveals that they are not closely related to any other tribe, although their language was once classified with the Khoisan languages because it has clicks, there is relatively no evidence that they are related. The Hadzabe tribe became part of the German East Africa but soon came under British control at the end of the first world war. Several attempts were also made by the British and the Tanzanian government to make the Hadzabe settle and adopt farming, but all their attempts failed as the Hadzabe people only settled to take advantage of the food provided, but leave and go back to foraging when the supply of food runs out.
What They Are Known For?:
As one of the descendants of Tanzania’s aboriginal hunter-gathering population, the Hadzabe tribe has a division of labour that is split between foraging and hunting. While Hadzabe men usually forage individually, women are known generally to forage with at least one adult male accompanying the group. The Hadzabe women usually carry digging sticks, large skin pouches for carrying items like knives, shoes, clothing and various other items held in the pouch around their neck, with a grass basket for carrying berries while foraging. Their diet consists mainly of honey, fruits, tuber, and meat. The availability of meat to their diet increases during the dry season when men often hunt in pairs hoping to shoot animals with their bows and poisoned arrows. They are highly skilled hunters and are known for their selective skills in hunting, foraging and their vast knowledge of plants, fruits, tubers, and wild animals.
The Hadzabes reside around Lake Eyasi, located just south of the Serengeti. Their lands are full of mostly baobab fruit trees and other bush trees that provide for their livelihood.
The Hadzabe’s are semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers that are culturally and linguistically members of the Khoi (Person) and San (Foragers) group. They have close affinities with the Sandiwe people who possess cultural connections with the Khoekhoe hunter-gatherers communities of Southern Africa. Women are adorned with “Hangweda“ made of local pieces of skin, while the Hadzabe men are polygamists with a patriarchal social system.
The Sonjo people are said to have lived in northern Tanzania for centuries secluded within the Maasai territory. They are believed to have migrated to East Africa 400 years ago from Central Africa.
What They Are Known For?:
The Sonjo tribe is known for their agricultural way of life which was believed to be the major reason their migration took place little by little over thousands of years in search of fertile and well-watered land to cultivate their crops.
The Sonjo tribe reside in northern Tanzania, in the Ngorongoro district about 30-40 miles west of Lakes Natron.
Music plays a forestanding role in the Sonjo culture. Music shapes their entire way of life and is a widely practiced art in the entire community. It is used for several ritual purposes, rainmaking ceremonies, healing ceremonies, marriages, and other festive or civil events.
Trible Visits available as part of a planned itinerary or A complete Itinerary for Cultural tours
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